The Global Infantile Spasm Treatment Market size was valued at US$ 111.1 million in 2017 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 3.1% over the forecast period (2018 – 2026).
Infantile spasm is a rare disorder that appears as seizures in infants below 1 year. Infantile spasm causes series of sudden, jerking movements of legs and arms or fast drop of head. The duration of spasm can last up to couple of seconds. Major drugs used for the treatment of infantile spasm include adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), however, due to its side effects, doctors also prefer anti-seizure drugs such as vigabatrin and other steroid therapies.
Increasing prevalence of central nervous system infection, may develop infantile spasm which in turn is expected to boost the infantile spasm treatment market. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), in January 2018, the prevalence of infantile spasm was 2 to 3.5 infants per 10,000 live births.
Government initiatives for rare disease treatment is expected to boost the market growth. For instance, The American Academy of Pediatrics also works with the Child Neurology Society, Child Neurology Foundation, American College of Emergency Physicians, and other partners to build advocacy, identify awareness gaps, and expand outreach opportunities.
The relapse or reoccurrence of infantile spasm is a major factor driving growth of the infantile spasm treatment market. According to investigators from Okayama University Hospital, Japan, after the treatment of infantile spasm with ACTH therapy for 11 to 37 days, the disease reoccurred in 41% of the people under study.
Moreover, the government of Brazil in year 2017 amended its regulatory rules for approving drugs for rare disease. In December 2017, Brazilian regulatory agency, Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA) published Resolution RDC 205/2017, regulating special procedures for clinical trials, registration, and certification of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) of drugs intended to treat, prevent or diagnose rare diseases such as infantile spasm.
Increasing government initiatives for treatment of rare diseases is expected to propel growth of the infantile spasm treatment market
Infantile spasm, also called as west syndrome, is a rare disorder that affects children below 1 year age. Seizures in children often appear as normal hiccups or body movement, and parents are unaware about the presence of this disease in their kid. Therefore, to tackle this challenge, various governments and organizations are initiating programs to educate people about the disease. The government of China published a comprehensive list of rare diseases in 2018, in order to better identify the patients affected by rare disease and provide treatment for the same. Moreover, such initiatives will help to speed up the drug development process for rare diseases.
Major players operating in the global infantile spasm market include H. Lundbeck A/S, Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, Catalyst Pharmaceuticals, GW Pharmaceuticals plc, Retrophin, Inc., Valerion Therapeutics, Orphelia Pharma SA, Insys Therapeutics, Inc., and Anavex Life Sciences Corp.
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Increasing adoption of infantile spasms treatment procedure in North America is expected to bolster the market growth
North America holds dominant position in the global infantile spasm treatment market, owing to high adoption of infantile spasms treatment procedures and large scale research and development activities in this region. For instance, INSYS Therapeutics developed Cannabidiol in October 2012, Oral Solution for infantile spasm, which is under phase III clinical trial. The reoccurrence of infantile spasm is a major factor that boosts the market growth.
Increasing prevalence of central nervous system (CNS) infection can develop infantile spasm which in turn is expected to boost the market growth. In July 2012, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) report stated that around 50% of infantile spasm cases in the U.S. have a prenatal cause, including central nervous system infection, intrauterine insults, neurologic disorders such as tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), and genetic syndrome.
Moreover, approval from regulatory agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that helps in speedy approval by designating the orphan drug status to drugs targeted to benefit patients with rare disease is expected to boost the market growth.